root canal pictorialHuntsville family dentistry professionals look after a variety of issues regarding teeth. Even beyond the oral cavity, ailments like sleep apnea can be detected by dentists. Procedures like root canal have been devised to keep teeth healthy and protect the mouth at all costs. Orthodontists go to enormous lengths in order to educate and enforce measures on people to look after their mouth. Despite this, a large number of us end up neglecting our teeth and gums. The result is decay and cavities. Not only can these cause extreme pain but they all impact the overall integrity of the oral cavity.

What is a root canal?

‘Root canal’ refers to the central cavity found inside teeth. The procedure is about removing decayed or damaged teeth from the mouth. The surroundings areas are then filled and sealed to limit any spread of the bacteria. If left untreated, these damaged teeth can infect surrounding gums causing abscesses. The infection can spread throughout the mouth and eventually lead to more serious diseases. During a root canal, the tooth is removed with its nerve and pulp thus leaving no traces of the allergens that can cause the infection again.

Causes behind root canal

A root canal is usually performed when the pulp inside a tooth becomes infected. Bacteria start to break it down and causing pus-filled pockets in the gums that are called abscesses. The pulp of teeth can become infected due to a number of reasons. Some of these include:

  • Trauma to the face usually caused by an injury during sports or a brawl,
  • Repeated operations been carried out on the teeth,
  • A chip or crack on the surface that exposes the pulp and nerve,
  • Large fillings.

There might be other reasons behind the pulp of a tooth being infected but those vary from person to person and case to case. Consult a Huntsville family dentistry professional in order to learn more.

Signs that you might need a root canal

Since root canal is primarily required when the pulp of a tooth becomes infected, the signs that indicate tooth decay. These can include swelling and redness of the gums surrounding the infected tooth, consistent pain that fails to subside even after long periods of time and pain felt when consuming hot or cold objects. While all these signs can potentially indicate a decaying tooth, they can mean other things as well. It is important to consult a dentist at the earliest when you start to feel any of the above mentioned symptoms.

How root canal is carried out?

The procedure lasts more than one visit and can be stretched according to the specific case at hand. The complexity of the case can also tell you what kind of doctor you need to visit. A root canal that is quite severe might require it to be treated by a dental pulp specialist known as endodontist. However, these are things that a Huntsville family dentistry professional can advise you the best in.

The root canal procedure begins with an X-ray. The anesthesia is used to put that specific area to sleep so that you don’t feel as much as it could have caused had you been awake. A hole is then drilled through the teeth and all the pulp and bacteria are removed. Then root canal files are used to clean out the cavity. After this the tooth is sealed. Some dentists will seal the cavity, a week after the tooth is removed but this varies from one case to another.