Pit and fissure cavities form on the biting surface of the back of teeth. Plaque that forms on these surfaces is not easily removed by brushing. As a result, the area is increasingly susceptible to dental infections.
The pits and fissures are the main areas for cavities since they are difficult to clean. In this post, you will find out detailed information about the dental problem including causes, treatment, and tips for the prevention of dental infection.
Pit and Fissures Cavities: What You Need to Know?
Pits and fissures are groves in the molars and premolars that are chewing surfaces of the teeth. Pits and fissure cavities are formed when the food particles get caught in the crevices on the top part of the teeth.
Dental doctors generally recommend using dental sealants to protect pits and fissures from infection. The sealants are in the form of special plastic coating that seals and covers the chewing surface. They prevent dental decay by sealing the bacteria and thereby prevent cavity formation.
For deeper infection, the treatment involves removing the infected tooth using crowns or root canal treatment.
Filings are carried out for small pits and fissure cavities. But large cavities require dental surgery. This is also recommended when the remaining tooth structure is weak.
How Pits and Fissure Cavities Form?
Pits and fissure cavities are formed when a film of bacteria known as plaque forms on the surface of the teeth. The plaque accumulates if the teeth are not cleaned properly. Sometimes the condition develops even with regular bushing since the area is hard to reach by a regular toothbrush.
The bacteria that form on the teeth feed on food stuck in the pits and fissures. They produce acid that harms the protective layer of the tooth resulting in tooth decay.
How Are Pits and Fissure Cavities Treated?
Pits and fissure cavities are treated depending on the extent of the infection. In the cavity is limited to the tooth enamel, Huntsville Family Dentistry expert may recommend a special toothpaste for removing the white spot lesion. The toothpaste helps replenishes the calcium found in the tooth to naturally treat the problem.
For severe dental infection, a dental doctor may recommend dental restoration techniques such as composites, fillings, and crowns. Composites and fillings are recommended for medium and small tooth decay. On the other hand, crowns are recommended deep dental decay where the structure of the tooth is damaged due to pits and fissure cavity.
Tips to Prevent Pits and Fissure Cavities
Proper dental hygiene is the best way to prevent pits and fissure cavities. You should brush your teeth at least two times every day. Make sure that you floss the teeth after brushing teeth. Consider brushing your teeth especially after consuming sugary food items.
A dental sealant can also reduce the risk of formation of pits and fissure cavities. The sealant is in the form of clear plastic or white coating that fills the pits and fissures thereby preventing plaque formation. This sealant is applied to the molars and premolars that are used for chewing food.
The sealant is generally applied to children once their permanent teeth start to form between the ages of 6 to 12. But it can also be applied to adult’s teeth on the recommendation of a dental doctor.
In conclusion, pits and fissure cavities can be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene.
Make sure that you get a dental checkup at least two times in a year. Daily brushing and flossing are also important to avoid the formation of pits and fissure cavities and other types of dental infections.